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La primera lección


¡Hola a todos! (Hello everyone)


My name is Mikail Stewart and I will be presenting you all with the necessary information for CSEC Spanish. The following blog posts should accomplish the following: 1. They should provide students with a thorough understanding of the elements of the Spanish language. 2. They should give students a comprehensive review of the topics that would be covered during your high school years.

3. Each post will provide various exercises to help students understand and master the information presented.


Now with introductions out of the way, let's begin learning Spanish


Before we begin here are two links to refresher videos on how the letters in Spanish are pronounced, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CkPMSWJbF1M https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sh7MLrbxH2E

PRESENT TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS


What are regular verbs you may ask? Well, in Spanish (and most other languages), verbs may be classified into two types: Regular and Irregular.


A regular verb is a verb that follows the regular conjugation patterns of a language whilst, an irregular verb as you might have guessed is a verb that deviates from this regular pattern.


Before we take a look at the conjugation of the regular verbs we first need to take a look at the subject pronouns in Spanish, so that we can learn how to accurately speak about who is doing an action.


What are the subject pronouns?


SUBJECT PRONOUNS


Yo - First person singular pronoun, I in English.

Tú - Second person informal singular pronoun, You in English.

Usted - Second person formal singular pronoun, You in English (if you are speaking to your teacher or person of higher authority than you or a complete stranger).

Él, Ella - Third person singular pronoun, He/She in English.

Nosotros/as - First person plural pronoun, We in English.

Vosotros/as - Second person informal plural ( Used when referring to a group of people at or below your rank of authority) You all/ You guys in English

Ustedes - Second person formal plural ( Same use as usted however it refers to a group of people at a higher rank of authority than you or complete strangers). You all in English

Ellos, Ellas - Third person plural pronoun. They in English. (Ellos is used for a group that has a mix of the two genders)


CONJUGATION


The present tense of regular verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive ending ( -ar, -er, -ir) and adding the following endings:


-ar verbs: -o, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an

-er verbs: -0, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, -en

-ir verbs: -0, -es, -e, -imos, -ís, -en


The present tense carries any of the following meanings:

Yo como - I eat, I am eating, I do eat

Usted baila - You dance, You are dancing, You do dance

Ellos viven - They live, They are living, They do live


USING THE PRESENT TENSE


Using the present tense we can express some of the following ideas:


  1. An affirmative statement/ positive statement, eg - You like apples

  2. A negative statement, eg - You don't like apples

  3. An affirmative question, eg - Do you like apples?

  4. A negative question, eg - Do you not like apples?

Affirmative Statement


In an affirmative statement the sentence structure is, subject then conjugated verb then object.


Yo como la comida


Yo - I - subject

Como - eat - verb

La comida - food - object


The subject is the person or thing carrying out an action,

The verb is the action that the subject is carrying out.

The object is the receiver of the subjects action in the sentence.


Negative Statement


In a negative statement , the word "no" follows the subject and goes immediately before the verb


Yo no como la comida


I do not eat food